Each self-respecting hostess on there is a flower garden. Someone likes the lush, luxuriant flowering plants, someone - decorative green plantations with unusual greens or beautifully shaped leaves. Those who love greenery, like it host - a charming unusual plant, which, although occasionally, but blossoms with modest bells. Its main advantage is the leaves of green, light green, bluish-gray, golden yellow, patchy and striped colors and the most unimaginable forms. Once planted a hostel on your flower garden, you will receive an original fountain of greenery, which will give your garden a charming appearance!
- Description and main characteristics
- Types of hosts
- Host in landscape design
- Features of care
Description and main characteristics
Fact: on the vastness of our country the host appeared thanks to merchants from Europe, but the native land of this plant is considered distant Japan, where in natural conditions the plant can be found in forests and in places with fertile soil.
At first it firmly rooted in botanical gardens, attracting its decorative coloration. Over time, it was appreciated by landscape designers as unpretentious and easy to care for perennial. Therefore, the host more often could be found on urban flower beds, in the design of parks and public gardens. And knowing the mentality of our compatriots, it is not surprising that it migrated from the urban flower beds in flower gardens of country private plots.
- Hosta Is a perennial herb, which belongs to the family of lilies and resembles a bush in shape. Depending on the species has leaves of a variety of shapes and colors. For today more than 4 thousand varieties are known, therefore from its assortment it is always possible to choose the desired coloring, the size of sheets and decorate the dacha, garden or plot to your liking. The main advantage of the hosts is that over the summer the plant does not lose its decorativeness and all the time remains elegant and unusual.
Depending on the color of the leaves, the hosts are:
- from glossy gloss or matte;
- with splashes and without them;
- with outflow and without it;
- with a white border along the edge or variegated;
- from green edging along the edge.
In addition, there are bushes of a miniature size with leaves up to 10 cm long and giant with leaves more than 100 cm long. Moreover, the leaves are in the form of the heart and almost round or narrow and long.
Interesting! During flowering in the center of the host, a long stem grows, on which inflorescences with flowers in the form of bells are blossoming.
On a note! A feature of the hosts, which became the reason for the unpretentiousness of the bush and ease of care for it, is its rhizome with cord-like branches, which allows it to grow well into the ground and absorb necessary nutrients and moisture from the soil.
Types of hosts
As mentioned above, there are several thousand types of hosts, but the most popular in landscape design use the following:
|Patriot||the height of the bush reaches 60 cm, width - more than 120 cm. The leaves have a bright green color with a whimsical white fringing|
|Plantain||grows to a height of 70 cm and blossoms with white bells|
|Green Fountain||the adult plant reaches a height of 50 cm and gives abundant flowering with lavender flowers|
|Marginata||height up to 30 cm, with leaves of dark green color with a white border, white, purple, violet flowers. Preferably planted on the eastern or western side of the flower garden|
|Fortune||height up to 60 cm, leaves of a heart-shaped form with a golden hue, flowers with purple bells|
|Lanceolinate or narrow-leaved||in height can reach 40 cm, leaves are sharp, dark green color|
|Zybold||a low-growing plant that can grow to 30 cm, has pale green leaves, slightly wrinkled and with a wax coating. Blooms with pale lilac flowers|
|Wavy||the height of the bush is up to 30 cm, the leaves are oblong with a length of up to 20 cm and wavy along the edge, in the center of each leaf is a white spot. Peduncles have a light purple color|
|Curled||height 50-70 cm, characterized by wavy leaves and a white stripe along the edge of each sheet. Flowers light purple|
Fact! Recently, a new sort of host was introduced - "White Pen". This plant is very unusual, has a creamy-white color, on which, as the plant grows, longitudinal green veins appear. Such a variety will look very original against the background of dark green coniferous shrubs and plants.
Host in landscape design
Hosta is a favorite of landscape designers, therefore she is actively used in decorating the garden and the flowerbedsb both beginners and professionals. This plant with a lush and bright green will look great and alpine hill, and on flower bed, and dry creek. The main thing is that the conditions for its disembarkation be met.
Advice! Hosta will look great at pond, where nature itself is created for it the most optimal conditions, while it will get along well with other plants that also love moisture and penumbra.
Hosts in the ensemble will look very harmonious with stone compositions on a background of wood decor, fringed with masonry, in the middle of a lawn, as a curb garden path etc.
Important! Choosing a host for an alpine slide, it is better to give preference to a dwarf subspecies of a plant. Although they do not have as bright foliage as other hosts, but they tolerate heat very well and quickly get accustomed to the sun.
Decorating the garden, you can pick up other subspecies hosts with large leaves - the benefit of the species of this plant is abundant.
Features of care
- The plant does not require special conditions and regular special care, but in order to obtain excellent decorativeness of the leaf crown, the host needs to be periodically fed with mineral fertilizers.
- The main thing is to remember that if fertilizers were placed in the holes during the planting of young plants, the host can safely grow, actively blossom and not lose its color without fertilizers for 2-3 years. But from seasonal fertilizer it is better not to refuse and implement these measures in spring, at the beginning of the period of active growth, during flowering and after it.
Remember! To save the size of the leaves, after flowering the peduncles should be cut off! For the autumn-winter period, the plant needs to be covered in order to protect it from colds and frosts.
Also do not forget that in their homeland hosts grow on river banks and in shady places, that's why they love well-moistened soil and high humidity. But with this it is desirable not to overdo it. In hot days, you can pamper the host with a cool shower, and she will gratefully respond to such care the next day. Summarizing, it is worth saying that growing a host, you can transform and decorate even the most nondescript and neglected plot! Dare!