The interior styles that came to our homes from the depths of the centuries or "lived" with us side by side for at least 100 years are very individual and easily recognizable. But the stylistics of modern design of the premises can not always be determined. Often hi-tech, minimalism and modern confused, furniture items, decor and accessories from different directions are placed in one room, the style is lost, smeared, and, as a result, the room becomes faceless and tasteless. Yes, modern style of design is rather complicated, but nothing is impossible. For example, even a layman can easily decorate a room in the spirit of "minimalism", following only a few basic rules.
- A bit of history
- Features and characteristics of minimalism
- Rules for the formation of style in the room
- Practical tips
Style minimalism: a bit of history
This style of interior originates in Europe, in the middle of the last century. The history of its appearance is as follows: with the development of new technologies and a change in the way of life of mankind, the Art Nouveau style began to "lose" its original romanticism, which was supplanted by practicality and maximum functionality of the premises. Finally getting rid of unnecessary jewelry and accessories, the interior in the style of minimalism took a strong position to the turn of the XX and XI centuries.
Despite the fact that such design of premises categorically rejects any creativity, it is unusually bright, with strict geometric lines, small volumes and neutral, but pure colors. In addition, the style of minimalism in the interior has several varieties. One of the brightest is Japanese minimalism.
Features and characteristics of minimalism
All the surfaces of the room in the style of minimalism are simple and laconic, without any decoration, ornaments and decoration. For the design of the premises, both natural and industrial materials are used, but without the effect of creating an additional volume. The minimalism is dominated by the purity of lines and the simplicity of color.
The distinctive features of this style are
- the minimum number of pieces of furniture indoors,
- multi-level room lighting,
- A bright color palette, "diluted" with contrasting lines only where necessary zoning room,
- as a color addition, natural tones are used - a living tree, pure metal or glass, a brick without painting,
- lack of decor on the ceiling, walls, windows,
- textiles are practically not used,
- clear geometric lines - a rectangle, a circle, without any spirals or blurry outlines,
- a lot of sunlight, windows without curtains or with curtains forming only straight lines.
Rules for the formation of style in the room
Very often minimalism in interior design is confused with asceticism and get rid of things that emphasize style. Minimalism differs from asceticism in that it has comfort, its characteristic beauty and unique, subtle yet cozy.
The walls in such a room should not attract attention by anything. If they are pasted with wallpaper, then only monochrome, and if painted, then white and covered plaster, forming a light, barely noticeable textured surface.
The ceiling in the room should be light. To increase the visual height of the ceiling, you can only create several levels, but without playing the color, using only its light zoning.
For finishing the floor in the minimalist style most often use natural wood, linoleum or laminate without a pronounced figure.
Furniture is the most important element of minimalism, because in fact it forms it. If the cabinets are built-in, sofas - with a light upholstery of furniture without a pattern, the bed is rectangular with straight legs, without soft headrests. The planes of cabinets or suites can be decorated only with metal parts, an aluminum profile without rounded lines, or glass inserts. Upholstery for upholstered furniture can have a décor of genuine leather, but only of the correct geometric shape.
This style can be modified depending on the type of room. For example, minimalism in the interiors of the living rooms can be supplemented by bright color spots in the form of colored pillows on the couch or a blanket in the armchair. But to violate the rule of five colors can not be in any case. Even if each shade is present in the form of a small "speck", the rule requires it to be taken into account. TV, a musical installation or computer monitor in the living room should become part of the plane of the piece of furniture and in no case concentrate on yourself, be as inconspicuous as possible.
Kitchen in this style is suitable for housewives who adore cleanliness and perfect order. The very atmosphere of such a space obliges you to wash and carefully arranged dishes and free surfaces of tables. The main space of the kitchen should not be occupied by a dinner set, the technique should be built-in.
A bedroom in the style of minimalism is a lot of light and a maximum of open space. Things should be stored in boxes hidden in podiums or in built-in cabinets, dressing room. Zoning of space occurs with the help of mirror screens. On the windows - jalousie or roller blinds. As wall decorations, you can use only watches, black-and-white photographs or pictures in a futuristic style.
The bathroom is a combination of marble, white limestone and glass. Even small rooms, designed in this way, visually increase, become spacious, filled with light. To store toiletries, it is better to use closed lockers and shelves.
The advantages of minimalism in the interior are obvious, this justifies its extraordinary popularity in the modern world. In the room there are no unnecessary things and furniture, even if you want in this room is difficult to arrange a mess, and to design this interior is spent much less money.